Science Fiction - There are 2 main methods to determine Science Fiction sub genres. Ask yourself, does the action take place on our Earth or on another world? Science permits humans to advance to the point that life on an extraterrestrial world/ need to travel there, or disruptive societal change -- dramatically transforming our day to day existence. Before the term Science Fiction had ever been used, Jules Verne wrote a series under the moniker Voyages Extraordinaires including From the Earth to the Moon (De la terre à la lune). While that was happening, Robert Louis Stephenson dreamt up the concept for Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. A short time later, HG Wells wrote and published The Time Machine, Invisible Man and War of the Worlds. The Speculative Fiction movement began, whereby Earthly limits fall away and imagination takes flight. Even if that imagination means staying at home. Superhero and Apocalyptic fiction emerged into a space created by their predecessors. Once we learned history is not fixed and things might/ might not turn out the way we hope, Social fiction appeared. With a fully developed genre, authors could go anywhere and everywhere, unrestricted by reality, ready to inhabit new nearby/ faraway worlds.
From the Earth to the Moon Jules Verne 1865
Gun enthusiasts dream up an idea to shoot themselves to the moon with a space gun, in an attempt to survive a moon landing.
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Robert Louis Stevenson 1886
A London lawyer investigates strange occurrences involving his old friend and the evil Edward Hyde.
War of the Worlds H. G. Wells 1897
Martians invade the home of an unnamed narrator, and his younger brother, in southern England.
Superman Action Comics 1938
As a baby, an alien is sent to Earth from an old faraway planet before it was destroyed, where he learns to assume a new identity.
Evidence Isaac Asimov 1946
A political opponent levels an accusation that his rival is a robot, remotely guided by the true candidate -- who was in reality permanently disfigured by an accident.
I Am Legend Richard Matheson 1954
The only survivor of a pandemic lives in LA, as he struggles to beat the disease but constantly fears pandemic sufferers arisen from the dead like vampires.
The Body Snatchers Jack Finney 1955
When seeds invade Santa Mira, unsuspecting sleeping residents disappear and are quietly replaced with nonhuman duplicates.
Atlas Shrugged Ayn Rand 1957
While investigating a ruined factory, a railroad magnate finds a strange electric motor.
Soldier from Tomorrow Harlan Ellison 1957
A soldier from a distant future, state conditioned from birth to fight and kill, travels through time to the present.
Starship Troopers Robert A. Heinlein 1959
A young soldier serves in the Mobile Infantry, fighting in an interstellar war with Arachnids, sent through space from the planet Klendathu.
As students complete their rotation, it becomes clear patients are going into comas more often than usual, at Boston Memorial.
The Handmaid's Tale Margaret Atwood 1985
A totalitarian state has overthrown the United States government in a world where fertile women are forbidden to use their birth names in service to their master.
In a post human future, a transhuman orphan takes the form of a purple robed herdsman, set off to explore the unknown.
Legion Brandon Sanderson 2012
A special condition allows a man to generate multiple personalities but he shies away from researchers wanting to study his abilities.